Maricopa.gov HomepageContact Us (Popup Window)
Site Map | Search | Phone Directory | Departments | Services
Return to Homepage  
   Parks Home   |  News   |  Search Parks   |  Parks Commission   |  Quick Glance

 
 
 

Biking
Camping
Events
Hiking
History
How to Get Here
Horseback Riding
Maps
Master Plan Update
Park Itinerary
Picnicking
RV's
Star Gazing
Trails

Home



 

 
 

About Us
Annual Pass
Arizona Academic Standards
Brochures & Artwork
Camping Terms and Conditions
Employment
Events
FAQ's
Fees
Geocaching
History of Park System
Maps
Maricopa Trail
Master Plan
Memorial Donations
Nature Centers
Other Links
Park Rules
Programs
Public Notices
Public Records Request
Reservations
Special Use Permits
Subscriptions
Surveys
Trail Rating Guide
Volunteer Opportunities
    - Adopt-A-Trail Program
Vulture Mountain
    - Hassayampa River Preserve
Wildlife / Plants

Search Parks

 
  Parks Home


 Events for White Tank Mtn 
<September 2014>
SMTWTFS
31123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
2829301234
567891011

Eleven archeological sites, occupied during the time period A.D. 500-1100, were located within the boundaries of White Tank Mountain Regional Park. All of these sites can be attributed to the Hohokam Indians. The White Tanks were apparently abandoned by the Hohokam about A.D. 1100. There is no further indication of human occupation until the historic period, when the Western Yavapai controlled the area.

Ruggedness of terrain and scarcity of water restricted the sites to large canyons leading out of the mountains. In these canyons, the sites include seven villages, varying from 1 to 75 acres in area, a rock shelter in the face of a steep cliff overlooking the white tanks, and several sherd areas. Several of the villages appear to have been occupied for long periods by sizeable populations, while the sherd areas may represent temporary camps of hunters and gatherers.

Most of the sites in the area are concentrated around the White Tanks themselves. The Tanks probably held water the year-round and thereby drew people to the region. Petroglyphs on rocks indicate the Indians were more than transients. Pottery sherds along the Agua Fria and Hassayampa signify the presence of villages and a good possibility that an Indian trail connected the streams with the White Tank long before Europeans came into the area. The discovery of possible agricultural terraces or check dams indicates that farming may have been carried on in the various canyons of the White Tank Mountains, by utilizing seasonal runoff and rain water.

About the Petroglyphs

Ancient Arizonans pecked hundreds of figures and symbols on the rock faces of the White Tank Mountains. Some may approach 10,000 years old. All have withstood sun, rain, and vandals for 700 or 800 years or more.

The Black Rock Trail circles through a Hohokam village site, though the pit houses and trash mounds are hidden to all but the trained eye of an archeologist. The largest group of rock-art panels is along the Waterfall Canyon Trail at "Petroglyph Plaza". Another big group is near the entrance to the box canyon that gives the trail its name.

A rock drawing was serious business to its maker. While no one can say precisely what most of them "mean", we know they had important functions in the lives of their makers. They were not simply stone-age graffiti. The symbols recorded events and marked locations. They were a magical way to control nature so rain would fall or mountain sheep would let themselves be caught. Some served as trail markers and maps. Others represented religious concepts.

Please do not try to make "tombstone rubbings" of the petroglyphs. It doesn’t work at all and you will erode the dark areas, making the petroglyph dimmer. Look at and photograph these figures and symbols of history, but please don’t touch the petroglyphs, skin oils can also damage them.


Family Moonlight Hike - White Tank Mtn. - 9/5/2014
Adult Moonlight Hike - White Tank Mtn. - 9/6/2014
Sonoran Story and Play Time - White Tank Mtn. - 9/10/2014
Snake Feeding - White Tank Mtn. - 9/12/2014
Early Morning Fitness Hike - White Tank Mtn. - 9/13/2014
Tales of the Sonoran Desert - White Tank Mtn. - 9/18/2014
Early Bird Walk and Program - White Tank Mtn. - 9/20/2014
"Desert General Store" Walk - White Tank Mtn. - 9/24/2014
Snake Feeding - White Tank Mtn. - 9/26/2014
Super Scorpion Search - White Tank Mtn. - 9/26/2014
Library Series - Animals in Arizona Archaeology - White Tank Mtn. - 9/27/2014
Tales of the Sonoran Desert - White Tank Mtn. - 9/27/2014
Desert Wash Discovery - White Tank Mtn. - 10/1/2014
Early Bird Walk and Program - White Tank Mtn. - 10/4/2014
Plants of the Sonoran Desert - White Tank Mtn. - 10/9/2014
Snake Feeding - White Tank Mtn. - 10/10/2014
Family Moonlight Hike - White Tank Mtn. - 10/10/2014
Library Program - Venomous Creatures of the Desert - White Tank Mtn. - 10/11/2014
Adult Moonlight Hike - White Tank Mtn. - 10/11/2014
Dutch Oven Cooking Demonstration and Sampler - White Tank Mtn. - 10/17/2014
History of the White Tanks - White Tank Mtn. - 10/18/2014
Sunrise Hike - White Tank Mtn. - 10/23/2014
Black Rock Archaeology Walk - White Tank Mtn. - 10/25/2014
Library Program - The Big Green - White Tank Mtn. - 10/25/2014
Snake Feeding - White Tank Mtn. - 10/25/2014
more...


Park Hours
Sun-Thu: 6 am - 8 pm
Fri-Sat: 6 am - 10 pm
- 365 days a year 

Nature Center Hours
September - May
Sun. - Sat: 8am - 4pm

June - August
Mon. - Sat: 8am - 4pm
Sunday: Closed

Admin. Office Hours
Mon - Fri: 8 am - 4 pm

White Tank Mountain Regional Park
20304 W. White Tank Mountain Road
Waddell, AZ 85355    mailing address
Ph: 623-935-2505  Fax: 602-372-8596
whitetankpark@mail.maricopa.gov
 
Our Parks:  
Adobe Dam  |  Buckeye Hills  |  Cave Creek  |  Desert Outdoor Ctr  |  Estrella Mtn  |  Lake Pleasant  |  McDowell Mtn  |  San Tan Mtn  |  Spur Cross  |  Usery Mtn  |  White Tank
Main Parks Homepage  

To visit a city website, click on the link below...
Apache Junction | Avondale | Buckeye | Carefree | Cave Creek | Chandler | El Mirage | Fountain Hills | Gila Bend | Gilbert | Glendale | Goodyear | Guadalupe | Litchfield Park | Mesa | Paradise Valley | Peoria | Phoenix | Queen Creek | Scottsdale | Surprise | Tempe | Tolleson | Wickenburg | Youngtown

 

 

  Maricopa Home      Site Map      Legal Information      Privacy/Security Policies
Maricopa County Home Page
Maricopa County || 301 W. Jefferson St. || Phoenix, AZ 85003
602-506-3011