Mosquito Life Cycle
Mosquitoes have four distinct stages in their life cycle:
1. EGG -
Laid on water or on the ground where they remain until flooding occurs.
Shortly after they are in water, the eggs will hatch into larvae.
2. LARVA -
Initially very small but rapidly grows to a size of 1/4 inch or longer. The larger ones are
easily seen wiggling in the water or resting at the surface, breathing through their air tubes.
They will dive at the least disturbance of the water, even if a shadow is cast over them.
3. PUPA -
Looks like a small seed resting in the water, but it will dive and move about rapidly with
a jerking motion when disturbed. When fully developed, the adult will emerge from the pupal
case ready to start the next generation. If the water dries up before the adult emerges, the
mosquito will die.
4. ADULT -
The female is the biting insect everyone is familiar with. She generally requires a blood meal
before laying eggs that will hatch. She can fly several miles, if necessary, to get it. Her
life-span may be 3 weeks to several months, during which time she will lay up to 500 eggs in
batches of 50 - 100. The male usually is found around the breeding site and lives on plant juices.
The time from egg to adult is largely dependent on the temperature, and can be
as little as three days or less during the summer.