Some cities across the country operate combined sewer systems. These sewers are designed to carry both stormwater runoff and wastewater
from homes and businesses to a water treatment plant, where the water is treated prior to being discharged.
In the Valley, most municipalities operate two separate drain systems-a sanitary sewer, which carries wastewater
to a water treatment plant, and a Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4). The MS4 conveys stormwater runoff through drains,
streets and open channels, directly discharging the water into retention basins, washes, rivers, or lakes. This water does NOT
go to a water treatment plant.
Did you know that stormwater runoff is one of the leading causes of water pollution in the United States? The
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has estimated that over 30% of pollutants
in our nation’s waters are the result of stormwater runoff. In an effort to address this problem, revisions were made to the
Clean Water Act (CWA), creating the
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES). In Arizona,
the program is administered by the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ)
and is called the Arizona Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (AZPDES).
Construction sites that meet the criteria are required to obtain permit coverage under the Arizona Construction General Permit
(AZG2013-001). Municipalities operating separate
storm sewer systems within the local urbanized area which have been designated by the EPA or the Director of ADEQ
must get permit coverage under Arizona’s AZPDES authority. There are two types of municipal permits: Phase I and Phase II. Phase I permits are for
large and medium-sized MS4s; Phase II permits are for small MS4s. Maricopa County is designated as a small MS4 and must obtain stormwater discharge
permit coverage under Phase II Small MS4 General Permit
Maricopa County’s Permit Requirements
In December 2007, Maricopa County applied for and obtained coverage under permit AZG2002-002. The County’s Stormwater Quality Program
will address urban runoff to reduce and potentially eliminate pollution from entering our main water bodies (Salt and Gila River Systems).
Elements of the program include a Stormwater Management Plan (SWMP) that incorporates Best Management Practices (BMPs) associated with
six (6) Minimum Control Measures as outlined by the federal rule:
- Public Education and Outreach
- Public Participation and Involvement
- Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination
- Construction Site Runoff Control
- Post-Construction Runoff Control
- Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping for Municipal Operations
To meet the minimum requirements of the Phase II permit, the Maricopa County
Stormwater Quality Management and Discharge Control Regulation was enacted. This regulation prohibits non-stormwater discharges and illicit connections to the
County’s MS4. Runoff from construction sites, as well as long-term, permanent runoff control is also regulated by the County.
For more information on Maricopa County’s Stormwater Program, please E-mail us at firstname.lastname@example.org
or call (602) 506-5557.
For regulation related comments or questions, please e-mail us at email@example.com