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Working with our community to ensure
a safe and healthy environment.

Enforcement

Enforcement Reports

The Environmental Services Department’s Enforcement Program provides enforcement proceedings for the regulated community of Maricopa County so they can either receive due process in resolving non-compliance issues and/or an environmental problem solution. The Enforcement program enforces the Maricopa County Environmental Health Code (MCEHC), Arizona Administrative Code, applicable sections in the Code of Federal Regulations, and pertinent Arizona Revised Statutes sections in Titles 11, 36, 41 and 49 as they relate to sources that either require Department permits (Permit-Related Compliance) and/or approvals or sources that do not require a permit (Non-Permit Related Compliance). Permit Related Compliance (PRC): enforces the MCEHC and pertinent Federal and State Statutes as they relate to sources that require Department permits and/or approvals. Examples of source types processed by this unit include but are not limited to: food establishments, swimming pools, mobile home parks, pet shops/pet groomers, public accommodations, public water systems, school grounds and septic systems. Non Permit-Related Compliance (NPRC) enforces the MCEHC and pertinent Statutes as they relate to sources that do not require a permit by regulation. State Statute delegates authority to investigate public nuisances that are dangerous to public health as well as environmental nuisances. Examples of complaint types investigated are:

  • Animals – Complaints involving the disposal/accumulation of animal droppings on a property and the presence and/or proper disposal of dead animals.
  • Health/Safety – Complaints involving unsanitary, public restrooms.
  • Illegal Dumping – Complaints of uncontained garbage, refuse, and rubbish on non-residential/non-commercial property.
  • Pests – Complaints of pests covered under the Environmental Health Code within rental and residential units.
  • Sewage – Complaints of raw sewage on a property, including within rental and residential units.
  • Trash/Refuse – Complaints of uncontained garbage, refuse, and rubbish on residential/commercial property.

The Environmental Services Department uses one of the following methods of legal action to enforce the Environmental Health Code:

Cease and Desist Orders are issued for serious violations of the environmental health code. The violation must be corrected immediately and a hearing may be requested. Disregarding the order will result in injunctive action in Maricopa County Superior Court.

Citations or Notices to Appear (Class III Misdemeanors) are issued for violations of the health code. The citation directs the defendant to appear for arraignment in Justice Court.

Compliance Orders are issued for violations of the environmental health code and an existing NOV. The violation must be corrected within a specified timeframe and a hearing may be requested. Disregarding the order will result in action in Maricopa County Superior Court.

Notices of Violation and Demands for Compliance (NOV) are issued for serious violations of the environmental health code. The violation must be corrected within a specified timeframe and a hearing may be requested. Disregarding the NOV will result in a Compliance Order being issued by the Department.

Permit Revocations may be initiated against a permitted facility/establishment that has not demonstrated compliance or has been found in violation of any applicable code. Permit revocation may also be initiated against trailer parks, hotels, semi-public swimming pools, and retail food establishments.

Permit Suspensions may occur immediately for serious environmental health code violations, which pose a major health hazard. The facility/establishment would not be permitted to operate until a subsequent inspection shows the health hazard has been removed and/or corrected.

Settlements or Stipulation Agreements are issued for violations of the environmental health code when a serious hazard does not exist. A settlement or stipulation agreement would only be issued after one of the above noted enforcement actions were initiated.

Legal Enforcement Policy of the Maricopa County Environmental Health Code


For questions or requests for additional information, contact us at (602) 506-6616, or by email.

Enforcement Reports